Apuntes...¿Técnica de estudio?


En si el Apunte tiene como características ser una de las técnicas básicas de estudio más usadas por los estudiantes. Poseen una singularidad y un valor que otras técnicas de estudio no poseen, debido a que son más personalizados, esto quiere decir que su estructura y organización dependen de cada autor e incluso contienen las valorizaciones o puntualizaciones que cada estudiante o persona considera adecuados para su posterior estudio. A su vez éstos desarrollan varias capacidades tales como:
  • Síntesis
  • Concentración
  • Atención
  • Velocidad
  • Facilidad a la hora de apuntar
  • Seleccinar información relevante
  • Originalidad
  • Organizar
  • Capacidad de escucha
Los apuntes a su vez siguen una serie de reglas esenciales y que comparte con algunas otras técnicas de estudio (resumen, esquema, subrayado, etc.), lo que le permite poseen una estructura ordenada y comprensible a la hora de ser leída, entre sus características se destacan:

  • Captación de ideas principales
  • Captación de ideas secundarias.
  • Organización de una estructura jerarquizada de la información
  • Jerarquización de los datos
El apunte es una especie de síntesis valiosa elaborada por el estudiante, la cual implica una selección rigurosa de las ideas que resultan vitales en el escrito, depero ¿Cómo saber que apuntar? a continuación algunas consideraciones que se deben tener y que como docentes debemos dar a nuestros alumnos:

  • Ideas Claves (frases o palabras)
  • Preguntas o respuestas formuladas en clases por el profesor, para sumar detalles al discurso principal.
  • Ejemplos e ilustraciones dados por el profesor para aclarar la exposición
  • Fuentes de información que cite el docente y recomendaciones particulares en cada caso.
Lo más importante del apunte no son las consideraciones de su estructura o características, sino que va por el lado del estudiante; puesto que éste al decidir tomar apuntes debe tener una capacidad reflexiva en todo momento (tener en cuenta el tema de la lección, límites, objetivos y conclusión final.) que permita brindar un apoyo significativo a la hora de estudiar.


Fuentes:
Libro "Didáctica, enciclopedia temática, Guía de aprendizaje y de ejercicios". Grupo libro 88 S. A., España

Power explicativo de como tomar apuntes


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